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Exodus, Alternative Traditions

Exodus Through Deception: Asking for a Three-Day Festival

From God’s first command to Moses, through the story of Israel’s escape, the demand for a three-day festival in the wilderness plays a prominent role in the plague narrative. Part of this ruse was Israel’s request to “borrow” Egyptian finery for the festival. Why does God want the Israelites to use deception?

Dr. Rabbi

Zev Farber

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Exodus: Not the Only Tradition About Israel's Past

The Torah implores us to remember and teach the exodus, yet surprisingly, some biblical passages seem unaware of this event and describe an alternative tradition: God found Israel in the wilderness.

Dr. Rabbi

David Frankel

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The Book of Chronicles and the Ephraimites that Never Went to Egypt

Dr. Rabbi

David Frankel

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Israel's Departure from Egypt: A Liberation or an Escape?

The oldest layer E has the Israelites pushed out by the Egyptian people under the king of Egypt’s nose during the plague of darkness and Moses splitting the sea on his own. J then revised this account to create a story of an all-powerful God smiting the firstborn sons, forcing Pharaoh to give in, and then drowning Pharaoh and his army in the sea when Pharaoh changes his mind. Finally, the Priestly redactor adds details, expands the numbers of both the Egyptians and the Israelites, and puts in his signature theological innovation: God changes Pharaoh’s mind for him and forces him to give chase.

Dr.

Tzemah Yoreh

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The Song of the Sea and the History of Ancient Israel and Judah

Exploring ten aspects of the Song’s narrative and what they tell us about its origins.

Dr. Rabbi

David Frankel

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Freedom from the Egyptian Empire

Exodus as Cultural Memory of the Demise of Egypt’s 400-Year Rule over Canaan

Prof.

Ronald Hendel

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The Northern Tribal Tradition of Settling the Land

Dr.

Tzemah Yoreh

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