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Forty Lashes

The Law of the Disrespectful Son and Daughter

Deuteronomy’s law of the rebellious son (Deuteronomy 21:18–21) poses numerous problems. Like the rabbis, Josephus interprets the law, but his conclusions are quite different.


Michael Avioz



The Melachot of Shabbat Are 40 minus 1: Cracking the Rabbinic Code

Thirty nine forms of melacha “work” are forbidden on Shabbat. Does the number drive the list?


Evan Hoffman



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