Study the Torah with Academic Scholarship

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Why Is the Torah Divided into Five Books?

The division of the Torah into five books is not mentioned anywhere in the Bible, yet this division is ancient. Already in Second Temple times, Philo speaks of it, and by the early first millenium C.E., the Torah became known by the Greek name, Pentateuch, literally, “five scrolls.” Is this division due to practical, thematic, or symbolic considerations?


Elaine Goodfriend



Key Characteristics of (Proto-) MT


Emanuel Tov



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