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Hasmoneans

Mariamme, the Last Hasmonean Princess

The Hasmonean princess Mariamme is best known today for her tempestuous and doomed marriage to Herod the Great. During her lifetime, however, Mariamme was a Jewish celebrity in her own right. As a descendant of the Hasmonean family on both her maternal and paternal sides, Mariamme was the closest thing that Jews had to royalty.

Dr.

Malka Z. Simkovich

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How Jewish Was Herod?

Despite the negative evaluation of Herod in traditional Jewish sources, archaeological evidence seems to suggest that, with some notable exceptions, Herod saw himself as tied to the Jewish religion and tried, to a certain extent, to uphold its laws, even in his own lifestyle.

Evie Gassner

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Chanukah and the Politics Behind the Maccabean Revolt

The story of the Maccabees is known as a battle between traditionalists and assimilationists, the latter supported by the Seleucid kings. But what do the books of and 2 Maccabees, with their elaborate descriptions of alliances and power plays, really tell us about the revolt?

Prof.

Eric Orlin

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Chanukah, Daniel 11 and the Rabbis' Limited Knowledge of Jewish History in the Greek Period

Rabbi

Evan Hoffman

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The Ancient Judean Holiday: Yom Nicanor - 13th of Adar

The historical events surrounding the holiday, Yom Nicanor, and why we should consider marking the day in our generation.

Dr. Rabbi

Zev Farber

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An Ancient Precedent for the Yom Kippur War?

Two Roman conquests of Jerusalem (Pompey in 63 B.C.E. and Sosius in 37 B.C.E.) purportedly happened on “the day of the fast,” during which the Jews barely defended themselves. Is this a reference to Yom Kippur and why didn’t the Jews defend themselves?

Dr.

Nadav Sharon

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The Original Meaning of Chanukah

Why did Judah Maccabee establish the holiday? What were the religious and political factors ​that inspired the Maccabees to promote it throughout Judea and the diaspora?

Prof.

Eyal Regev

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Reciting Psalm 30 on Chanukah: A Biblical Custom?

מזמור שיר חנכת הבית לדוד, “A song of the dedication of the Temple of David”

Prof.

Marc Zvi Brettler

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The Biblical Building Blocks of Chanukah

Biblical concepts about the Second Temple, its purification, and dedication strongly inform the development of Chanukah’s earliest customs and symbols.

Dr.

Yael Avrahami

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