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New Testament

Marrying a Beautiful Captive Woman

If an Israelite wishes to marry a woman taken captive in war, she becomes part of the Israelite polity and is protected from future re-enslavement. Uncomfortable with the Torah’s permitting this marriage, the rabbis declare it to be a compromise to man’s “evil impulse,” an idea reminiscent of Jesus’ claim that the Torah allows divorce as a compromise to humanity’s “hard heart.”

Prof. Rabbi

Shaye J. D. Cohen

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Dr. Rabbi

Zev Farber

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Did Early Christians Mourn the Destruction of the Temple?

When the Temple was destroyed by the Romans in the summer of 70 C.E., the Jews lost their religious and political center. Practically speaking, this did not adversely affect Jesus’s followers, who continued to grow and flourish in this period. But what did they feel about the Temple’s destruction?

Prof.

Eyal Regev

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Love Your Neighbor: How It Became the Golden Rule

The precept וְאָהַבְתָּ לְרֵעֲךָ כָּמוֹךָ “you shall love your neighbor as yourself” in Leviticus, is one of many action-oriented commandments focused on Israelite social cohesion. Only in Late Antique Jewish and early Christian sources, did the rule take on a transcendent role as the principle in which all of the Torah is encompassed.

Prof.

John J. Collins

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The Jewish Origins of the Christmas Story

The narratives of Jesus’ conception and birth as presented in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke echo Jewish history and cite Jewish prophecy. In that sense, the Christmas story can be said to have Jewish origins.

Prof.

Amy-Jill Levine

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Sukkot, the Temple and the Messianic Controversy

“הרחמן הוא יקים לנו את סוכת דוד הנופלת – May the All-Merciful One reestablish the fallen sukkah of [King] David.”  Birkat Hamazon

Dr.

Malka Zeiger Simkovich

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Sukkot in the New Testament: From Lulav and Hoshana to Palm Sunday

Jesus is famously associated with the holiday of Passover. However according to the Gospel of John, Jesus makes his debut and final visit at the temple on Sukkot, while the Book of Revelation uses Sukkot imagery to describe Jesus’ future appearance on earth. These repurposings of Sukkot and its rituals highlight Sukkot’s eschatological significance for Jews in Second Temple times (Zech 14).

Dr.

Shayna Sheinfeld

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The Diatessaron and its Relevance to the Study of the Pentateuch

Editors’ Note: We have asked Dr. Naomi Koltun-Fromm to introduce our readers to an ancient Christian text, known as the Diatessaron, to explain what it is, what it contains, and its significance to biblical studies, particularly the Documentary Hypothesis.

Dr.

Naomi Koltun-Fromm

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Megillat Esther: Reversing the Legacy of King Saul

One of the main themes in Megillat Esther is the death of Haman, the descendent of Agag, last king of Amalek, at the hands of Mordecai and Esther, Benjaminites from the family of King Saul. Is this just a coincidence?

Prof.

Marc Zvi Brettler

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Can Orthodox Education Survive Biblical Criticism?

Dr. Rabbi

Zev Farber

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