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Seventeenth of Tammuz

17th of the Hebrew month of Tammuz, a fast day commemorating the breach of the walls of Jerusalem prior to the destruction of the Second Temple

The Babylonian Officials Who Oversaw the Siege of Jerusalem

Jeremiah 39 describes Nebuchadnezzar’s siege of Jerusalem, and even names some of the officials who were with him and their titles (v.3). Babylonian administrative records uncovered by archaeology revises our understanding of who they were.


Shalom E. Holtz



On the Problem of Sacrifices: Maimonides’ Ladder of Enlightenment

Maimonides, in his Guide of the Perplexed, portrays sacrifices as a ruse to repudiate idolatrous practices prevalent at the time. In Mishneh Torah, however, Maimonides states that the messiah will rebuild the Temple and restore sacrifices just as they once were. How are Maimonides’ two works reconcilable?


David Gillis



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