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Bar Kokhba

Esau the Ancestor of Rome

In the Bible, Esau is the ancestor of the Edomites who live on Mount Seir, southwest of Judah. So how did the rabbis come to associate Esau and Edom with Rome? Two main factors are at work here: Christianity and Herod.


Malka Zeiger Simkovich



Judean Desert Texts Outside Qumran


Emanuel Tov