Study the Torah with Academic Scholarship

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Bible's Historicity

Is the Bible historically accurate?

Text and Context: Torah and Historical Truth

Historical-critical and text-critical approaches to the Torah have a strong precedent in classical rabbinic literature. Yet Orthodox Jewish communities today pointedly resist these methods. It is time that critical thinking about the Torah be embraced within our educational systems.

Dr.

Barry Levy

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Do Biblical Laws Reflect a Tribal Society?

Was Israel ever a tribal society? Although some scholars accept the Bible’s depiction of Israel’s pre-monarchic society as a confederation of tribes, others have dismissed this as ahistorical. Can a study of biblical law help us resolve this question?

Prof.

Rami Arav

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Jehoshaphat's Judicial Reform

How the Book of Chronicles updates and reinterprets Deuteronomy

Dr.

Yigal Levin

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Parry Moshe

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Exodus: Not the Only Tradition About Israel's Past

The Torah implores us to remember and teach the exodus, yet surprisingly, some biblical passages seem unaware of this event and describe an alternative tradition: God found Israel in the wilderness.

Dr. Rabbi

David Frankel

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The Exodus Story as Jewish Mnemohistory

Prof.

Carl S. Ehrlich

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Abraham, Smasher of Idols, and the Question of the Torah's Historicity

Does the Torah’s Abraham really need the historical Abraham in order to claim an important role in Jewish religious consciousness or should the Torah be seen as the story of God and not as a historical account reported by God.

Dr. Rabbi

Amit Kula

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Bible Scholarship in Orthodoxy

An Historical, Philosophical, and Pedagogical Perspective[1]

Rabbi

Eric Grossman

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The Israelite Conquest of Jerusalem in the Bible: When and Who?

The Bible records more than one conqueror, from Joshua to David to the tribe of Judah generally, spanning a period of more than three centuries.

Dr. Rabbi

Zev Farber

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The Historical Exodus

The Evidence for the Levites Leaving Egypt and the Introduction of YHWH into Israel

Prof.

Richard Elliott Friedman

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Torah Min Ha-Shamayim: A Guide to the Four Questions

Dr. Rabbi

Zev Farber

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The Epistemic Standards of Biblical Scholarship

Sommer asks, “Can observant Judaism and modern biblical scholarship happily and honestly co-exist?” I’m concerned only with honesty, and will argue that Sommer’s theology fails to give an account of authoritativeness consistent with a commitment to biblical scholarship.

Prof. Rabbi

Jonathan W. Malino

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The Torah's Exodus

Weighing the historicity of the exodus story entails more than addressing the lack of archaeological evidence.

Dr. Rabbi

Zev Farber

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Recounting the Census: A Military Force of 5,500 (not 603,550) Men

Exploring the possibility of reading the wilderness census in a way that is historically plausible. 

Prof.

Ben-Zion Katz M.D.

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Modern Faith in Sinai

Notwithstanding modern day biblical critical and historical critical claims, applying the tools of contemporary philosophy demonstrates how room still exists to have faith that something extraordinary happened to our ancestors and that this event had a permanent effect on the development of Torah and Judaism.

Dr. Rabbi

Samuel Lebens

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Reframing the Discourse

Dr. Rabbi

Zev Farber

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A Tale of Twelve Brothers

Historical Symbolism and the Position of the Tribe of Benjamin

Dr.

Yigal Levin

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The Exodus Story Is an Outer Garment

Rabbi

Herzl Hefter

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Torah's Progressive Truth

Dr. Rabbi

Aaron Panken

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Cracks in the Edifice: A Personal Reflection

Dr. Rabbi

Zev Farber

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How Many Years Were the Israelites in Egypt?

Divergent Biblical Perspectives: Exodus 12:40 declares that the Israelites were in Egypt for 430 years. Other biblical contexts suggest a much shorter sojourn in Egypt.

Dr.

David Glatt-Gilad

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