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Tobit, Book

Celebrating Marriage in Ancient Israel and the Origins of Sheva Berakhot

Jacob and Samson celebrate their marriages for seven days. The earliest mention of marriage ​blessings, however, is in the apocryphal book of Tobit and the Dead Sea Scrolls, both from the late second Temple times. 3, 5, 6 and even 7 blessings circulated in Jewish society before the rabbis formalized the series as the “Sheva Berakhot” by early medieval times. Their recitation by guests ​​during the celebratory week was promoted by the rabbis as occasions to engage in an “act of lovingkindness” ​(gemilut ḥasadim).​


Stuart Miller



Sefer Tuviah, the Book of Tobit: An Ancient Jewish Novel for Shavuot


Malka Z. Simkovich



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