Study the Torah with Academic Scholarship

By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use


39 Melachot of Shabbat: What Is the Function of This List?

In halakha, the 39 melachot of Mishnah Shabbat 7:2 functions as a comprehensive list of primary categories of forbidden labor. A closer look at the list in context, however, reveals that it was composed and added as a supplement, to clarify a detail in the previous mishnah.

Prof. Rabbi

Judith Hauptman



The Moral Quandary of Lulav Ha-Gazul

The Torah and Bavli vs. the Prophets and Yerushalmi


Jonathan Ben-Dov



Can Orthodox Education Survive Biblical Criticism?

Dr. Rabbi

Zev Farber