Torah Portion

Terumah

תרומה

Exodus 25:1-27:19
First Kings 5:26-6:13

Ptolemy II’s Gift to the Temple in the Letter of Aristeas

Ptolemy II’s Gift to the Temple in the Letter of Aristeas

The Letter of Aristeas embellishes its account of Ptolemy’s gift of a table and bowls to the Jerusalem Temple with what Greek rhetoric calls ekphrasis, a graphic description of a thing or person intended to bring the subject vividly to the eyes of the reader. What is the purpose of this embellishment?

Prof.
Benjamin G. Wright III
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The Poles of the Ark and Tutankhamun's Chest

The Poles of the Ark and Tutankhamun's Chest

The description of what is to be done with the ark’s carrying poles (בַּדִּים) seems to differ between Exodus ch. 25 and Numbers 4. Medieval Jewish commentators offered many different solutions to this contradiction, but the best answer lies in what we learn from the construction of ancient Egyptian portable chests.[1]

Dr.
Raanan Eichler
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The Tabernacle: A Post-Exilic Polemic Against Rebuilding the Temple

The Tabernacle: A Post-Exilic Polemic Against Rebuilding the Temple

The Priestly Torah discusses the Tabernacle at extraordinary length, emphasizing its portability. Nothing in P ever says this structure was meant to be temporary. P’s Tabernacle was not foreshadowing the Temple, but was a polemic against Haggai and Zechariah’s agitation to build the Second Temple.

Dr. Hacham
Isaac S. D. Sassoon
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The Bronze Plating of the Altar: Numbers Versus Exodus

The Bronze Plating of the Altar: Numbers Versus Exodus

After Korah’s failed rebellion, God commands Elazar to plate the altar with the bronze firepans of the two hundred and fifty tribal leaders (Num 17). But didn’t Bezalel already plate the altar in bronze as God commanded when it was first built (Exod 27 and 38)?

Dr. Rabbi
David Frankel
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The Tabernacle in Its Ancient Near Eastern Context

The Tabernacle in Its Ancient Near Eastern Context

The parallels between the Tabernacle and ANE structures such as Rameses II’s military tent shed light on what the meaning and function of this ancient structure might have been.

Prof.
Michael M. Homan
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What Kind of Creatures Are the Cherubim?

What Kind of Creatures Are the Cherubim?

A tour of the multiple interpretations given over time, including the latest iconographic and archaeological findings.

Dr.
Raanan Eichler
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The Cherubim: Their Role on the Ark in the Holy of Holies

The Cherubim: Their Role on the Ark in the Holy of Holies

Tradition has interpreted the Cherubs to represent anything from a child to a man, woman to an angel, from a bird to a Torah scholar. Ancient Near Eastern evidence answers this uncertainty, or at least tells us what the Cherubim originally meant.

Dr. Rabbi
Zev Farber
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Highlighting Juxtaposition in the Torah

Highlighting Juxtaposition in the Torah

The well-known rabbinic principle of אין מוקדם ומאוחר בתורה (there is no chronological order in the Torah) is often understood to be a hermeneutical solution to a textual, peshat problem. The principle, however, should be understood as midrashic, formulated to highlight other reasons for which biblical accounts could have been juxtaposed.

Dr.
Isaac Gottlieb
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In the Presence of God

In the Presence of God

The Difference between God’s “Name (שם)” and “Presence (כבוד)”

Dr.
Michael Carasik
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The Tabernacle, the Creation, and the Ideal of an Orderly World

The Tabernacle, the Creation, and the Ideal of an Orderly World

The account of the Tabernacle’s construction echoes the creation story in Genesis 1-2:4a, providing an interpretive key to the ancient understanding of this structure. Ritual theory provides further insight into what Israelite readers may have found meaningful about the Tabernacle as a ritual place.

Dr. Rabbi
Naftali S. Cohn
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The Materiality of a Divine Dwelling

The Materiality of a Divine Dwelling

What makes a material suitable for constructing a sacred space, and why, given all of the details and repetitions concerning the mishkan, are none of its manufacturing techniques narrated?

Dr.
Jonathan Ben-Dov
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Terumah

תרומה

Exodus 25:1-27:19

וְאֶל הָאָרֹן תִּתֵּן אֶת הָעֵדֻת אֲשֶׁר אֶתֵּן אֵלֶיךָ

שמות כה:כא

and place inside the Ark the Testimony that I will give you.

Exodus 25:21

Exodus

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