Study the Torah with Academic Scholarship

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R. Samson Raphael Hirsch

German Orthodox rabbi, the intellectual founder of "Torah im Derech Eretz," 1808–1888

The Dictation Model of Torah Revelation

Rabbi

David Bigman

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Is There a Symbolic Meaning to the Awkward Syntax of Leviticus 1:1?

“And He called to Moses and YHWH spoke to him” (Lev 1:1). Why is YHWH, the subject of this verse, missing from the opening phrase, and appearing only after the second verb? Traditional and critical scholars struggle to explain this syntactic problem.

Dr.

Elaine Goodfriend

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Dancing Erotically with the Golden Calf

And Moses’ Decision to Break the Tablets

Dr.

David Ben-Gad HaCohen

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Do Animals Feel Pain? Balaam’s Donkey vs. Descartes

In contrast to Descartes’ theory of animals as automatons, the Torah and rabbinic text express deep concern for animal suffering. One vivid example is the donkey’s rebuke of Balaam, “What have I done to you, that you have struck me?” (Num 22:28).

Prof.

Yael Shemesh

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