German Orthodox rabbi, the intellectual founder of "Torah im Derech Eretz," 1808–1888
And Moses’ Decision to Break the Tablets
David Ben-Gad HaCohen
In contrast to Descartes’ theory of animals as automatons, the Torah and rabbinic text express deep concern for animal suffering. One vivid example is the donkey’s rebuke of Balaam, “What have I done to you, that you have struck me?” (Num 22:28).